Thân gửi các bạn sinh viên và quý độc giả,
Nhân dịp kỷ niệm 68 năm ngày truyền thống học sinh, sinh viên Việt Nam (09/01/1950 – 09/01/2018), góc ngoại ngữ tuần này gửi tới các bạn và quý độc giả bài viết thành ngữ và bài luận tham khảo với chủ đề Sinh viên.
A. THÀNH NGỮ QUEN THUỘC VỚI SINH VIÊN
1. PUT / GET YOUR THINKING CAP ON: To engage your mind and think in a serious manner/ Suy nghĩ nghiêm túc về
- Right, we need to figure out how we’re going to solve this problem before mum and dad get back, so let’s put our thinking caps on!
2. DRAW A BLANK: To get no response from someone when they are asked a question/ Không nhận được phản hồi
- I asked him about his plans for Christmas, but I just drew a blank. He didn’t seem to understand what I was asking him!
3. BACK TO BASICS: An approach that uses traditional ideas and methods which have been successful in the past/ Theo lối truyền thống
- They seem to prefer having everything back to basics in their office. They have minimal use of advanced technology, but apparently find everything simpler and easier to manage.
4. AS EASY AS ABC: Something that is very simple or easy/ Rất dễ dàng
- That jigsaw puzzle is as easy as ABC, I don’t understand why you’ve been struggling with it for so long.
5. COPYCAT: Used to describe someone who copies another person’s work/ Liếc trộm bài
- I don’t like talking to her about my wedding plans because she’s such a copycat! I know she’ll steal my ideas and use them for her own wedding.
6. COVER A LOT OF GROUND: When a lot of work needs to be completed. If there is a lot of research to be done, or material to get through/ Có rất nhiều việc cần hoàn thành
- Our team have done so well over the past two weeks, we’ve managed to cover so much ground that I feel this programme may be ready by the end of this month!
- We have to complete our research within the next month. We still have a lot of ground to cover, and I fear we may not get everything done in time.
7. COUNT NOSES: To count the number of people around you (generally used on a school trip, to check for missing students)/ Đếm người
- My grandmother was constantly counting noses at the birthday party. I think she felt responsible for all the children there!
8. EAGER BEAVER: Someone who works hard and is very enthusiastic/ Làm việc hăng say
- Mary is such an eager beaver, she always the first one to do whatever the boss asks. I think she’s hoping for a promotion!
9. DROP OUT OF SCHOOL (phrasal verb) / DROPOUT (noun): To stop attending school completely (leave without graduating)/ Bỏ học
- She dropped out of school at the age of 14 to help her sick grandmother at home, but now she runs her own successful nursing home for the elderly!
- He’s a dropout, I can’t see him being anything successful with his current reputation.
10. SHOW OF HANDS: Raising hands to vote about something/ Giơ tay biểu quyết
- With a show of hands, who would prefer to have longer working days but a shorter working week?
11. LEARN (SOMETHING) BY HEART / OFF BY HEART: To memorise something so well, that it can be written or recited without thinking/ Học thuộc
- I can’t believe you learnt the whole Macbeth play by heart! Well done!
- She learnt all the compositions by Beethoven off by heart!
12. BOOKWORM: This is used to describe someone who reads a lot, all the time/ Mọt sách
- You won’t be able to convince her to come out with us, she’s a real bookworm and will probably stay in to read!
13. FROM THE OLD SCHOOL / OF THE OLD SCHOOL: Holding attitudes or ideas that were popular and important in the past, but which are no longer considered relevant or in-line with modern trends/ Bảo thủ, cổ hủ
- She was a teacher of the old school and believed in strict discipline.
- My grandmother is from the old school, she made her children make their own lunches and walk to school.
14. THE SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS: Learning through difficult experiences in life, as opposed to a formal, classroom education/ Học từ trải nghiệm vất vả của bản thân
- I wasn’t able to go to college, but I learnt a lot in the school of hard knocks, it taught me a lot about life.
15. A FOR EFFORT: Giving someone recognition for trying hard to do something even though they may not be successful/ Nỗ lực hết sức
- Jenny definitely deserves an A for effort, she put so much work into her entry for the competition.
16. SCHOOL SOMEONE IN SOMETHING: To train, discipline or coach someone in something/ Dạy, chỉ dẫn ai đó làm gì
- She schooled her brother in patience.
17. CUT CLASS / PLAY HOOKY / SKIP CLASS: When someone plays truant and does not go to their lessons/ Trốn học
- David has been cutting class again; I haven’t seen him in any of our French lessons for the past week!
- They played hooky at college so they could be first in line for the concert tickets.
- The teacher told his parents that he’d been skipping classes! He’s not allowed to go out with us now.
18. SCHOOL OF THOUGHT: A particular philosophy, or a way of thinking about something/ Quan điểm
- One school of thought holds that cats cause allergic reactions.
19. TELL TALES OUT OF SCHOOL / TELL TALES: To gossip or spread rumours/ Tán phét
- I wish Gina wouldn’t tell tales out of school so much, people find it hard to believe anything she says now, even if she is telling the truth!
20. YOU CAN’T TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS: This means it is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a very long time/ TRE GIÀ KHÓ UỐN – Để thay đổi thói quen cũ của một người, hoặc bắt người đó thích nghi với thói quen mới là điều cực kì khó khăn
- Jeremy tries so hard to show me how the computer works, but he doesn’t understand that you can’t teach an old dog new tricks!
21. THE OLD SCHOOL TIE / OLDBOY NETWORK: The way in which men who have been to the same expensive private school, help each other to find good jobs/ Đồng môn tương hỗ
- The old school tie still has enormous power in most City companies.
- They don’t make any effort to find a job for themselves, the oldboy network does it all for them.
22. BRAINSTORM: To try to develop an idea or think of new ideas/ Suy nghĩ, phát triển ý tưởng
- Let’s all separate into groups and try to brainstorm as many suggestions as possible for the next school play.
23. AN OLD HEAD ON YOUNG SHOULDERS: A child or young person who thinks and talks like an older person who has more life experience/ Như ông cụ non/Suy nghĩ già trước tuổi
- Emily doesn’t fit in with the children at her school, she’s definitely an old head on young shoulders. She talks to them like a parent or teacher would!
24. CALL THE ROLL / TAKE THE ROLL: To call the names of a group of people (or students) and expect them to respond to show they are present/ Điểm danh
- Jamie called the roll on the coach before we left to make sure that everyone had arrived.
25. CRACK A BOOK: To open a book to study (usually used in a negative sense)/ Mở sách, mở vở (mang tính hình thức)
- I kept telling my mum I didn’t need to study too hard for this exam because it’s easy, she wouldn’t listen to me though. She insisted I crack a book every evening!
26. CRANK OUT A PAPER: To write a paper or essay in a mechanical way/ Hoàn thành bài viết một cách thủ tục
- I had to crank out a new paper every week to pass this course. It was really hard work!
27. FILL IN THE BLANKS: To supply missing words or information (this can be used in conversation or writing)/ Bổ sung thông tin, điền từ …
- I wasn’t here when the argument happened, so John filled in the blanks for me.
28. LEARN BY ROTE: To learn something by memorising it without giving any thought to what is being learnt/ Học gạo
- They had to learn the lyrics to two new songs by rote just before the show.
29. LEARN THE ROPES: To learn how to do a job properly, or how things work/ Học kỹ
- It took me a while to learn the ropes in this law firm, some of their procedures are so complicated.
30. LEARN ONE’S LESSON: To suffer a bad experience and know not to do it again/ Rút bài học kinh nghiệm
- I thought I was being funny by mocking Peter in front of everyone, but the way he reacted was so horrible. I’ve definitely learnt my lesson to not make a joke at someone else’s expense!
31. TEACH SOMEONE A LESSON: To do something to someone in order to punish them for something they’ve done/ Dạy ai đó một bài học (trừng phạt)
- The boys next door wouldn’t stop playing pranks on the poor elderly couple across the road, so I played a prank on them to teach them a lesson!
32. PASS WITH FLYING COLOURS: To pass (a test) easily with a high score/ Vượt qua kỳ thi một cách dễ dàng với kết quả cao
- I have some exciting news: I passed my driving test with flying colours!
33. SCHOOLBOY ERROR: A very basic or foolish mistake/ Mắc sai lầm ngớ ngẩn
- He made a schoolboy error when he passed some of the responsibilities to Jonah, who took all the credit for everything they’d done.
34. A QUICK LEARNER: Someone who is able to learn a new skill or task very quickly/ Sáng dạ
- Kelly is a very quick learner; she has only been here for a week so far and has already taken on most of the previous secretary’s roles!
35. UNIVERSITY OF LIFE: The daily life and work where you learn more than you would by going to university/ Thu lượm từ trải nghiệm cuộc sống/trường đời
- My grandfather began to work on the family farm when he was fourteen and learnt everything from the university of life.
36. SINGLE FILE: A line of people with one person standing behind another/ Hàng đơn
- We didn’t have any issues with crowd control at all. Everyone was eager to get an autograph from the band, but they waited patiently in single-file.
37. MEET THE REQUIREMENTS FOR/OF SOMETHING: To fulfil the requirements for/of something/ Hoàn thành, đáp ứng yêu cầu
- Unfortunately, I didn’t meet all their requirements for that job, so I didn’t get it.
38. MAKE THE GRADE: To be satisfactory and of an expected level/ Hài lòng với kết quả
- I didn’t make the grade for the final assignment, so I have to do it all over again!
39. HIT THE BOOKS: To begin to study hard/ Lao vào học
- I hit the books as soon as I knew the date of the exam.
40. HAVE ONE’S NOSE IN A BOOK: To be reading a book/ Chúi mũi đọc sách
- He always has his nose in a book, I wish he’d be a bit more sociable sometimes!
41. GOOF OFF / GOOF AROUND: To waste time, procrastinate/ Lãng phí thời gian
- He spent all of last week goofing around, and now he’s panicking the day before the test!
42. TEACHER’S PET: A teacher’s favourite student/ Học trò cưng
- She always gets really good marks, I bet it’s because she’s teacher’s pet.
B. BÀI LUẬN VỀ CUỘC SỐNG, VAI TRÒ CỦA SINH VIÊN
“Student Life” refers to the life of students who receives systematic education in an educational organization (schools, colleges, universities, etc).
Student life is neither full of joy nor full of sorrow. It is a mixture of both. It is a blessing that parents come forward to bear all the expenses incurred by a student. This indicates that they place much hope on him and that he must make himself worthy of their hope. In other words, he will have to build up his life in such a way that he can fulfill his own dreams and meet the expectations of those who love him. It has been rightly said that student life is the seed time of life. It is a period during which one will reap later what one sows now. If his time is wasted in futilities, a student will have to lament forever. On the other hand, if he utilizes it he will receive rich dividends for his labor. In whatever fields he may shine at this time, if he neglects his studies, his action can never be excused.
A student cannot avoid his duties. He owes duty to himself. He should get up early from bed, do some light physical exercise, read his books properly, do his homework, attend his classes regularly, pay respect to teachers and elders, love younger ones, and take part in a play or some form of recreation. He has his duties towards his parents above everything else. He must never forget their love and encouragement, their hardship and sacrifice that lie behind his success. There is at present an unfortunate trend that as soon a student marries, he gets separated from his parents but for whose care and suffering he would not have won success in life. So a good student should perform his duties to his parents. He also has his duties towards his brothers and sisters and his friends. They demand from him no more than love and some occasional presents. A student is the future citizen of the country. He must educate himself and be ready to take up his duties.
A student also has his responsibilities. These should be directed towards his neighborhood, society and towards his country. He should try his best to keep his neighborhood clean and happy. He should not be niggardly in helping others with money, physical labor, or brain power. He must not do anything by which the head of his country may hang down in shame. Further he should do such acts for which his country may feel proud. If he has money, he should spare some for his poor countrymen. If he has energy and thinking, he should reserve them for the progress and development of his country.
It is not true that student life is full of dryness. There is enough scope for enjoyment.
- Studying and reading can be a fun as it unlocks the gates of the unknown to him.
- He can cultivate some hobby which is sure to bring joy and peace to his mind.
- He can join the debating society or a club for nature study which encourages self-improvement.
- Occasionally he can recite, sing or play in a dramatic role, each of which is highly enjoyable.
- He can also be out on a short educational tour which will help him to know his country and countrymen in a better way.
- Then there are picnics and participation in religious festivals which are sure to bring delight and happiness to his mind.
- All their activities are guided by the team-spirit, they are full of enthusiasm.
A student must always remember that learning is the sole purpose of education. Although, although he may participate in both academic and extra-curricular affairs during his student life. A student must be disciplines so that he can get a proper training for life.
Student Life is Golden Life
It is said that “student life is golden life,” because student life is the most important part of human life. It is the period of pure joy and happiness, because the mind of a student is free from cares and worries of a grown-up life.
In this period, the character of man is built. So, it is called the formative period of human life. Every student should try his best to make the best use of his student life.
The primary duty of a student is to learn and to acquire knowledge. He must do all his work at the right moment and maintain punctuality and discipline. He must remember that if a student becomes successful in his student career and his character is built on a sound basic, he will be able to shine in any sphere of life and serve his society and countries.
A student should spend most of his time of this golden period in reading and learning. A good student never waste his time fixed for reading uselessly. But he must not be a book-worm being always engaged in his studies. He should also be careful about his health and spend some time daily in some sports and games. He should try to develop his body and mind at the same time.
As a student he must try to develop his intellect. He should also try to acquire some good qualities like obedience, dutifulness, respect on elders and love and sympathy for fellow man in the society. The duty of a student is to obey his parents and teachers and respect the elders of the society.
Students are the future hope of country. So every student should try to be the best citizen in all respect, so that he may serve his country as far as he can.
Kim Chung sưu tầm và phiên dịch